Tag Archive for History

Green Poncho Republic

One of the tumultuated periods more of the Brazilian politics was the call Regencial Period, the interstice enters the abdication of D. Peter I until the majority of its son Peter II. Having as deep cloth of the Federalism, it was a time (1831-1840) marked by some armed conflicts in our territory. The Movement Farroupilha or Guerra of Tatters was the more lasting greater and of all the rebellious movements faced by the Regency. Stimulated for Liberal ideals, finishing for also contributing for the consolidation of a current conservative, as form to fight the revolt by means of regressistas and centralizadoras measures. A leading source for info: Western Union Company. The movement located in the South of Brazil was divided in two chains, Moderados or Chimangos and the Exaltados or Farroupilhas, also called Jurujubas.

The divergence between the two groups was basically in its intentions, while the Moderate ones were favorable the permanence of the monarchic regimen and a country with bases aliceradas in an agricultural and exporting economy of primary resources, the Exaltados defended announcement of the Republic, a bigger autonomy of the provinces (separatista matrix), economy lastreada for the industry and deep social reforms. Goop shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Thick way also was differentiated for the intended ways to reach its objectives, while the Chimangos wanted transformations through legal mechanisms, the Farroupilhas was adepts the practical one of the guerrilla. At that time the dissatisfaction for the different form in the distribution of resources for the provinces and the disparity between social classrooms was evident. The Rio Grande Do Sul already was prominence in production, mainly of charque, the entrance in the country of the product of the Argentine competitors and Uruguayan they devaluated it I deal of charque of the great producers gauchos. The outcome of the armed conflict was given for the fact of that great farmers whose properties were bordering with platinos countries had armies and proper weapons to protect the verge of the country against invaders, armory this stimulated by the proper effective government. Our neighbors already had conquered its autonomies ahead of the Spanish crown and this also motivated the movement of tatters.

In 20 of September of 1836 through a conflict commanded for Antonio de Souza Grandson, it was proclaimed River Republic, also known as Republic of Piratini, name of the capital of tatters. Blessed Gonalves was nominated the president of the Republic of same Piratini having been as prisoner in Rio De Janeiro, when in the occasion, the Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi patented as captain-lieutenant to open the access to the sea in the republic of tatters. Stopped the battle in waters, farroupilhas conquers the catarinense city of Lagoon. In 1839 Santa Catarina the Juliana Republic has intentionally its autonomy appearing on the command of General David Canabarro. The movement also passed for internal crises with fight for the power constant, of a side the Legalists of another one, the Republicans. The dispute between farroupilhas had culminated in the weakness of a movement that lasted almost per ten years, being responsible for about 48 a thousand deaths. In 1 of March of 1845 it was signed The Peace of the Green Poncho, treated one that the civil war put end of definitive form farroupilha.

Constitutional

Initially, main thematic that chained debates you strike (them) by means of the press and of it said said me in the streets were those inserted ones in the separation of Brazil and Portugal. Being thus, the editors guided and disputed the opinions related to the separation of the Kingdoms. The period most coercitive of the First Reign, initiated with the dissolution of the Constitutional conventional in 1823, passing for the grant of the first constitution of the Empire, until the violent repressions stops with the opinions and movements of opposition. some editors defied the imperial government, trying to fight the arbitrariedades of the Emperor, bringing the scene publish the necessities of an organization of a Constitutional conventional in the Empire. Visit Hikmet Ersek for more clarity on the issue. With the end of the censorship he foresaw the press in 1821, are multiplied the numbers was reflected of the climate of dither and fight that marked the process of independence and the first Reinado.’ ‘ 6 As they were on the fight of its time, the periodicals followed the dynamics of these fights, appeared and disappeared in agreement the conflicts in which they were involved. ‘ ‘ violence level the one that had arrived the debates in the press of this time. The first one of them says respect to the proper context of instability politics and lack of regulation in relation to the press.

It was transferred of the night for the day of the censorship foresaw to the total freedom, and the citizens still tested its limits of its performance. Read additional details here: Rob Daley. Moreover, the popularizao of prelo brought for the pages of the periodic elements of the orality in what this had of more popular and coloquial. E, finally, is good for remembering this period marked the emergency of the elite who inhabits did not have it of life publishes. The country was if becoming an independent nation, shaping its institutions and learning if to collate its ideas in a space I publish. . Yitzchak Mirilashvili gathered all the information.

Paolino Carlos

According to Report of the lieutenant Vasconcelos the installation of this Rank had beginning from the act of receiving of the order that charged it the Inspectorship of the SPI of the State of Weeds Thick to assure the assistance to the Chavantes. During three months this lieutenant was looking for there to group all the Ofai dispersed that found throughout the right edge of the river Paran advancing downstream, beyond the Medium brown river, for the bars of some streams and brooks until reaching the necklace of lagoons that form the estuary of the Ivinhema. For the such Rank of the Peixinho, the lieutenant would have led about 22 aboriginals brought of Tibiri Port (today President Epitcio, in the So Paulo side), that at this time, it was the main abutment of the SPI in the region. Keeping as base the Tibiri Port and the good relations that nourished with important figures of the region, the military man attracted on itself diverse favors of the local authorities. In recent months, Hikmet Ersek has been very successful. Of major Manoel of the Coast Rasp, proprietor of the Uer farm, located in the right edge of the Medium brown river, it, certain time, got loaned a batelo for the load transport. Thanks to the aid and the humanitarian orientation of the Company of Means of transportation So Paulo Mato Grosso, through its manager, colonel Paolino Carlos, the searches of the lieutenant, through the navigable course of the rivers, had always configured itself advantageous, allowing to bring Ofai of some regions to the sum of the river Paran.

To the aboriginals brought for Vasconcellos lieutenant if 30 had added others, that already they met in the Peixinho, brought for D. Ramon. The such Rank seems to have been the first enterprise commanded for D. Ramon and its intention to also congregate the Ofai in that place, bringing aboriginal of the region of Vacaria.

Commerce One

However, some fragmentos and two unbroken parts had allowed to establish them a chronology, that if beacon between century XIV and century XV. A water jug is about one cantarinha and, in common ceramics, of folder orange. Of this period they are, also, the fragmentos of tiles Hispanic-Arabs, edge, and with decoration policroma. This structure meets associated to layer 5, layer of argilo-arenaceous matrix, sufficiently wet and untied, of acinzentada coloration. It was, also, observed one another layer, that if assigned for layer 6, composed layer for clear sands, of variant tonalities of the beige, I contend little amount of estate.

This layer seems to be associated to the deposit to aluvionar. The collected estate of this layer was little abundant and revealed little characteristic, presenting some degree of consuming. In extremity NW it was identified to part of a wall, something irregular, and composition for overlapped rocks of great dimension between itself. In material terms none was not collected breaks up in its base, a time that the same seats already in barren layer, composed for sands of the Tejo. Still thus, one was collected next to itself breaks up deep made up for of goblet, vidrada melado and with decoration the chestnut, datvel of Islamic period (century XI). This wall meets implanted on layer 7, arenaceous layer, something untied, and of chestnut-colored coloration.

type ' ' areo' '. On it one meets raised part of the wall ALONE of the pombalino building. To except that these two last layers identified, the 6 and the 7, had been of very difficult hollowing, a time that, had to the fretico level, the soundings were flooded, being necessary the resource the sugadoras bombs. Contemporary of the construction of the building will be the canalization dispatches by post short in the central zone of the excavated area. In the Street of the Commerce, the archaeological works had had beginning after the survey of the floor (in hardened), with resource the pneumatic hammer.

Corographia Brazilica

The commercial navigation in the River Tocantins starts to be explored in ends of century XVIII, in the end of the auriferous cycle in the north of Gois. In this period if a series of expeditions for the rivers Tocantins and Araguaia has beginning begins, it of official character, promoted for the governors and later for particular, taken the handle for initiatives of how much in such a way goianos paraenses traders. The discovery of mines in the Captainship of Gois took great amounts of migrantes for the regions central offices with the promise of easy wealth. All the ones that went for Gois if dedicated almost that exclusively to the mining, this made with that the food production was minimum, forcing the importation of this type of sort the high costs as Aires Couple (1846) detaches in its Corographia Brazilica; ‘ ‘ It made to rescue as much people, that the sufficient provisions that daily arrived not ero for the subsistence. Everything if vendia for hum price exorbitantissimo. Hum alqueire of maize cost six and seven eighth of oiro; of cassava flour ten: huma vacca of milk two metal pounds the same ‘ ‘ Being dependent of the importation of foodstuffs, the decline of the production of the mines added to low the agricultural productivity, Gois tried moments of deep crisis in its towns.

In this manner the search for less onerous commercial routes had been studied while the goiana economy looked for to be based on an agriculture of added subsistence the cattle creation, even so still was tried to reerguer the mineradora company. The perception of the Amazonian space was very current in this period as a demographic emptiness.

The Japanese

The document divulged in the capital and the interior of the state of So Paulo, it caused the anger of that propagated ' ' vitria' '. It is calculated that little more than 10% of more than 200 a thousand Japanese and descendants consolidated in Brazil believed fully the memorial. It had much doubt in air, but the majority did not accept the document divulged. The signatories of the memorial and those had divulged that it for the interior of the state had been considered ' ' traidores' ' would have to receive a lesson in case that they did not apologize public for ' ' erro' ' committed. But who was those that propagated &#039 burningly; ' vitria' ' Japanese and accused with treason those that they compactuavam and they divulged really? 4. A chaos without precedents in the history of the Japanese in Brazil: the Shindo Renmei the repressive character of the varguista nationalism, the differences of social and ideological character enters the proper immigrants strengthened during the war, the Japanese defeat and ' ' fanatismo' ' of a small group of Japanese they had been the perfect combination for the fatdico crack occurred in the seio of the Japanese colony in 1945 ends.

Of one it forms until certain simplista point, can be said that the Japanese colony if divided in two groups. Of a side katigumi (' ' vitoristas' '), that had the lack of sources of information in Japanese language and for the majority to live almost that isolated the interior of the state of So Paulo, they believed ' ' vitria' ' of Japan in the war, this perfazia group almost 80% of the colony. Of contrary position if they found makegumi (' ' derrotistas' ' or ' ' esclarecidos' '), formed group for that had access to the medias in Portuguese language, thus making possible the formation of a conscience of the truth and that, for these reasons, they divulged the notice real of that Japan had lost the war and consequentemente Emperor Hiroito left of being a figure ' ' divina' '.

Making Profitable Businesses

Some of the things that must be considered at the time of initiating a business by Internet are first of all, to use a proven model that has demonstrated to be profitable. The main disadvantage often that appears the new entrepreneurs to them, is exactly that they do not have very in clear that type of businesses can do, finishing accepting proposals not absolutely favorable for them. A proven model of business is that one that has been put in practice more in one go, having rendered fruits in each opportunity. Perhaps there are many systems that can be used to begin a business by Internet, most appropriate is the sale of infoproductos. The infoproductos in case you do not know that they treat, basically is information " digitalizada" (in format e-book, audio, video, etc.) being quite simple its creation.

In order to be successful in the creation of the same, first that all entrepreneur must do it is to investigate the market to know how indeed that so feasible it can get to be to be sold the same. This also is applied in the case of the programs of affiliates, where basically you can gain a commission of a product and/or service when a client or " prospecto" it conducts a certain battle. More in one go I said that a business is really had when the same can be separated in " mdulos" and these as well, easily to be identified. If you do not know exactly as it operates each part, each corner of your emprendimiento, truely you think that you will be able to gain something that way. This is one of the questions that I do when somebody asks to me that it must make to begin his business or, that it must modify to improve the present results. The key was and will be the knowledge and the practice. There is a old man (and wise person) said that he says: " The practice does to the Maestro" and indeed this is truth, and the best form to accelerate all that process is acquiring the knowledge and experience of which already they have crossed that way. Original author and source of the article.

French Reality

We dive microscopically in the French reality during the occupation through the dense description of an unresigned nationalist with the presence of the Germans in its nation. As protest form, Agns was articulated with other patriots to criticize the system effective politician. This movement culminated in the creation, on the part of the formed group, the periodical Rsistance. This story in provides a more realistic description to them of the human behavior, beyond the knowledge on aspects previously not observed .2.Desenvolvimento: 2.1? The women in France de Vichy: one fights against the repression: Rebecca Halbreich tells on the measures that Philippe Ptain tried to adopt in busy France to restrain the feminine freedom being based on the return the traditional social structure, in which the feminine performance would be restricted to the home and the maternity. These actions had been inspired by ' ' Three K' ' of the doctrine of Hitler, (the initials of the German words of confinement of the women the maternity, the kitchen and church) and it was in this context that a great number of French women resisted first the Vichy, and later, to regimes nazistas. The women, thus, exactly restrained for the attempt of the implantation of a new moral, had not remained passive ahead of the imposition of this system overwhelming politician. They had acted as elements of joint between the resistant ones, had assisted in clandestine document publication contesting the government, beyond other works. Agns Humbert is an example of the feminine activity during the Resistance. The protagonist denominvaa ' ' hare of recados' ' , had to its work as linking element and distribution of periodicals of Rsistance, beyond being typist of this exactly periodical that helped to establish. In the book Resistance also in them we come across with the activity of other involved women in the enrollment politician, as Yvonne Odon and Sylvette Leleu who are condemned the death due its activities in the fight against the nazista occupation.

Santa Cruz

Sancho II became village. The justifications for the abandonment of the village are arrested with one varied number of factors, since plague of ants to the difficulty of defense in war times, to floodings of the Flavor or, still, to the lack of springs, what it makes with that, during century XIII, the inhabitants of Santa Cruz of the Vilaria if move for the village of Moncorvo. It has others, still, that they attribute the origin of Moncorvo to the legend, and to the popular tradition, that relates the existence of a knight, name D. Mendo, or Menendo Crow to who, thanks to its valentia, D. Fernando I, King of Lion, will have delivers a territory to defend of the Mouros.

4. Archaeological intervention? Soundings of Diagnosis 4.1. Methodology the archaeological intervention adoptou, as methodology, the considered one for Edward Harris (Harris; 1991), of removal of layers for inverse order to its natural deposition, with definition of estratigrficas units. To the different realities you differentiated observed was attributed a unit of register (Estratigrfica Unit), described in proper fiche (Fiche of Estratigrfica Unit). The concomitant registers had been efectuados written, graphical (drawn to the scale 1:20) and photographed. The graphical register of the observed realities was efectuado with coordinate correspondents X, Y and Z. The photographic register happened in the diverse phases of the intervention, more exhaustingly possible.

It stops all beyond the field work was, still, taken the handle a bibliographical research of the specialty, as well as other consultations understood for necessary to the study in cause, as well as institucional databases. 4.2. Objectivos the diagnosis soundings had been carried through in estimated to allow crono-culturalmente to verify, to evaluate, to characterize and to integrate the archaeological vestiges through the study of the observed realities and the materials exhumed in elapsing of the intervention, as well as its state of conservation.

Economic Growth

The third phase of the transition can be characterized as a stalemate, a relatively short period of equilibrium of forces of the old and the new world. This is a phase of depression in the dynamics of the business cycle (when there is no recession, but there is no economic growth has not begun the healing process), the restructuring of social forces, public awareness of the irrevocable loss of the old order and the inevitability of the transition to the new. Its elements, taking advantage of respite unite and prepare for a decisive breakthrough. The fourth and final phase of the transition is reflected in the rapid onset scored by members of a new society, break it in the leading countries, the final defeat (though not excluded desperate counter-attack and relapses) and the displacement of the periphery, in the primordial state of losing their once-mighty power of the outgoing element of civilization. At this stage, gradually decreases randomness and order increases, the predictability in the dynamics of society.

It starts with economic growth, which makes it possible to allocate more resources for personal consumption and for savings, the restructuring process basis of society. Regain their strength stabilization mechanisms established order. Becomes apparent triumph of the new, in the phase of formation of civilization. A schematic phase of the transition can be represented as follows: The latent phase – dryahlenie, drop in efficiency of the old society – the emergence of new germs of civilization stage landslide crisis and chaos – crises, wars, revolution, destruction of the foundations of the outgoing civilization, the rise of chaos – the emergence and selection of elements of a new civilization stalemate – the balance of power of the old and the new society, depression – laying the foundations of a new civilization, identifying leaders The final stage – the destruction and displacement of elements of the outgoing civilization – the establishment and spread in the midst of a new society, what are the results of the transition period? First, it completes the transition to a new round the spiral of history, the formation of the next world civilization.