One of the tumultuated periods more of the Brazilian politics was the call Regencial Period, the interstice enters the abdication of D. Peter I until the majority of its son Peter II. Having as deep cloth of the Federalism, it was a time (1831-1840) marked by some armed conflicts in our territory. The Movement Farroupilha or Guerra of Tatters was the more lasting greater and of all the rebellious movements faced by the Regency. Stimulated for Liberal ideals, finishing for also contributing for the consolidation of a current conservative, as form to fight the revolt by means of regressistas and centralizadoras measures. A leading source for info: Western Union Company. The movement located in the South of Brazil was divided in two chains, Moderados or Chimangos and the Exaltados or Farroupilhas, also called Jurujubas.
The divergence between the two groups was basically in its intentions, while the Moderate ones were favorable the permanence of the monarchic regimen and a country with bases aliceradas in an agricultural and exporting economy of primary resources, the Exaltados defended announcement of the Republic, a bigger autonomy of the provinces (separatista matrix), economy lastreada for the industry and deep social reforms. Thick way also was differentiated for the intended ways to reach its objectives, while the Chimangos wanted transformations through legal mechanisms, the Farroupilhas was adepts the practical one of the guerrilla. At that time the dissatisfaction for the different form in the distribution of resources for the provinces and the disparity between social classrooms was evident. The Rio Grande Do Sul already was prominence in production, mainly of charque, the entrance in the country of the product of the Argentine competitors and Uruguayan they devaluated it I deal of charque of the great producers gauchos. The outcome of the armed conflict was given for the fact of that great farmers whose properties were bordering with platinos countries had armies and proper weapons to protect the verge of the country against invaders, armory this stimulated by the proper effective government. Our neighbors already had conquered its autonomies ahead of the Spanish crown and this also motivated the movement of tatters.
In 20 of September of 1836 through a conflict commanded for Antonio de Souza Grandson, it was proclaimed River Republic, also known as Republic of Piratini, name of the capital of tatters. Blessed Gonalves was nominated the president of the Republic of same Piratini having been as prisoner in Rio De Janeiro, when in the occasion, the Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi patented as captain-lieutenant to open the access to the sea in the republic of tatters. Stopped the battle in waters, farroupilhas conquers the catarinense city of Lagoon. In 1839 Santa Catarina the Juliana Republic has intentionally its autonomy appearing on the command of General David Canabarro. The movement also passed for internal crises with fight for the power constant, of a side the Legalists of another one, the Republicans. The dispute between farroupilhas had culminated in the weakness of a movement that lasted almost per ten years, being responsible for about 48 a thousand deaths. In 1 of March of 1845 it was signed The Peace of the Green Poncho, treated one that the civil war put end of definitive form farroupilha.