The learning difficulties are seen as normal processes of attempts for the acquisition of the system of the writing and reading. The error does not exist more, and yes a process that is surpassed of gradual form, to the measure that the child starts to understand the system alphabetical. According to Emilia Blacksmith, 2010: ' ' This child if places problems, constructs interpretativos systems, thinks, reasons and invents, searching to understand this particularly complex corporate object that is the writing, as it exists in sociedade.' ' (P. 11) Magda Soares, explains that the alfabetizao occurs through practical of letramento, happening at the same time and consequentemente. The letramento also is acquired through the abilities of reading and writing, as cultural forms and of social use. That is, one depends on the other, is indissociveis. The alfabetizao traditionally presents the concept of grafofnica learning, that is, the acquisition of abilities of reading and writing through the analytical and synthetic methods.
This conception opposes the position of Emilia Blacksmith on the alfabetizao concepts and letramento. According to it, the two together terms do not exist, therefore the alfabetizao already understands the letramento and vice versa. The alfabetizao presents a more traditional concept to learn to read and to write, means to learn to decode, to associate graphemes and fonemas, at last to acquire one technique, already the letramento, is the acquisition and the use of abilities of reading and writing in the social environment. To know to make use of these practical to enter the world scholar. According to Emilia Blacksmith, 2010: If to think that the child only learns when is submitted to a systematic education, and that its ignorance is guaranteed until receives such type of education, nothing we will be able to enxergar. But if to think that the children are beings that ignore that they must ask for permission to start to learn, perhaps start to accept that they can know, even so have not been given it institucional authorization to they for in such a way.