English King

Third sector whence came the Puritans to carried out the revolution and finally the Catholics who were the recipients of the most strenuous persecution and the minority were independents who wanted to abolish all Church to make free, faith. IV.-ABSOLUTISM: Isabella I died without leaving offspring in 1603 (9) putting an end to more than one century of dynasty Tudor and was succeeded by his nearest relative, James IV of Scotland, who was the son of Maria Estuardo, cousin of Isabel and who had ordered this same run. Now by an irony of fate, his son the King of Scots, was crowned King of England as Jacobo I, initiating the dynasty of Estuardo.Jacobo I, away from the English tradition, sought to govern without Parliament control becoming an absolute monarch. He claimed that the Kings were appointed by God and that they exercised divine power on Earth, generating a permanent conflict that would be the germ of the revolution with this belief.He was a fervent Anglican who imposed his will not only in the political aspect, but also in the religious chasing opponents of his belief (10) with cruelty. Ultimately his policy was not positive for England and at his death the absolutism that had wanted to impose was discredited and religious struggles continued.James I was succeeded upon his death by his son Carlos I who held the Throne from 1625 to 1649. Despite being well received, its absolutist tendency demonstrated that its intention was to continue in the same direction than its predecessor. Added to this he had the misfortune to marry Henrietta, sister of Luis XIII of France who was a fervent Catholic, greatly increasing their unpopularity (11).When England went to war with Spain and France, the King summoned Parliament on two occasions to ask for the necessary funds to sustain the armed conflict, but once that goal fulfilled dissolved immediately.