Through the bibliographical research it was intended to explicitar and to construct to hypotheses concerning the reading and writing, improving the ideas, basing the subject on boarded question in the research. For in such a way, this type of research involved a bibliographical survey, which had of being made in diverse sources, searching to consult respectable and brought up to date workmanships. Also of the qualitative research by means of the comment in three agricultural schools of the municipal net of education. The subject in question is particularly motivador a time that, being involved in the work of the reading and writing of the education in the field in multisseriadas classrooms, exerting the position of professor in one of the schools of the municipal net of education of Manoel Vitorino-BA, I feel myself engaged, not only with the improvement of the quality of education, but also with the improvement of the attendance of the children of the education in the field, but in more good searching understanding of the process of the infantile development and its relation with the world making readings and interpreting the different vises of world and the universe of the studied texts. Through the research on reading and writing, I observed that until little time she was given to importance only reading and writing, but today is understood that the reading of the world precedes the reading of the word, therefore by means of the accomplishment of studies that had been developed by famous theoreticians in this field are understood that the act to read all the information to the life in society is necessary and passed to be valued as something essential to the development and formation of the autonomy of human being. The studies detached the importance of the reading and the writing for the integral development and formation of the identity of the man in society.